Historic KC Recordings: “One O’Clock Jump” and “In the Mood”

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To mark the release of this year’s additions to the National Recording Registry, we’re going to feature registry recordings with ties to Kansas City.

Count Basie

One O’Clock Jump
Added to the registry in 2005, One O’Clock Jump by Count Basie and His Orchestra is perhaps the best example of Kansas City-style jazz. It’s a riff-based song that features a “head” arrangement that the musicians learned by ear, rather than one that’s written down.

Although developed and recorded in New York, One O’Clock Jump is pure Kansas City and features some of best players to ever come from here, including Lester Young on tenor sax, Buck Clayton on trumpet and Walter Page on the double-bass.

Recorded in July 1937, One O’Clock Jump was an immediate hit and became Basie’s signature song.

In the Mood
Although not commonly thought to have a tie to Kansas City, In the Mood by the Glenn Miller Orchestra shares an important element with One O’Clock Jump – the arranger.

Eddie Durham arranged “One O’Clock Jump” and “In the Mood.” Born in Texas, Durham was a fixture in the KC music scene in the 1920s and 1930s.

Eddie Durham, a guitarist and arranger who lived in Kansas City and was associated with several KC jazz groups, arranged both songs. Compositionally, I think the songs share similarities, and the arrangements to both have the band playing in contrast during the solos.

In the Mood was recorded in August 1939 and was added to the National Recording Registry in 2004.

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